Brain Injuries Come in Many Forms
Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can occur in many types of accidents. The CDC reports brain injuries cause 30% of all injury fatalities in the US. Below is more information about different types of traumatic brain injuries and the accidents in which they commonly occur.
4 Types of TBIs
A concussion is a mild to severe brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head, shaking or sudden movement change. Concussions may not be seen in typical imaging tests, but they are serious injuries and should be treated as such. Concussions may cause symptoms such as:
- Memory loss
- Blurred vision
- Sensitivity to light and noise.
Concussions are especially dangerous if you have more than one or if another occurs before the original concussion heals.
A brain contusion is where the brain tissue is bruised. It is like having a bruise on your skin. Just as with any bruise, there is some breaking and leaking of tiny blood vessels. On the skin, blood leaking under the skin is what causes the black and blue color. But on the brain, the bleeding may cause serious problems because of the build-up of pressure in the skull. Brain contusions can be caused by many types of blow to the head. Brain contusions often occur in car accidents and in falls, such as at a construction site. Slip-and-fall accidents also can cause a brain contusion.
Contusions can range from minor to severe. In the worst case, a contusion can cause loss of consciousness, poor oxygenation and swelling. These consequences can lead to serious, life-altering damage and even death.
A penetrating brain injury happens when an object of some sort pierces the cranium. This penetration could cause the object or bone fragments to damage the brain. A penetrating brain injury can be caused by any type of external force or object that breaks through the skull:
- Slip-and-fall accident where the skull is cracked
- Car accident where an object penetrates the skull
- Gunshot wound (the leading cause of death by traumatic brain injury)
- Injury related to sports activities.
Anoxic Brain Injury
This brain injury happens when the brain fails to receive enough oxygen. After only four or five minutes, brain cells start to die when they do not receive adequate oxygen. Anoxic brain damage usually happens due to blockage of blood flow. This may happen from a stroke, blood clot, heart attack or trauma. This injury also may be caused by drowning, choking, suffocation or even poisoning.
Common Reasons for Traumatic Brain Injuries
Some of the common causes of brain injuries are:
- Car accidents: While wearing a seatbelt helps, it is still possible to strike your head on the steering wheel or windshield.
- Bicycle and motorcycle accidents: Wearing a helmet reduces injury, but brain injury from the head hitting the ground may still occur.
- Slips and falls: A fall on a hard surface can cause a brain injury, especially for the elderly and children.
- Boating accidents: Serious head injuries can happen when boats hit another boat or a stationary object. Large waves also can smash into the hull and throw passengers against stationary objects.
Speak to An Attorney About a Traumatic Brain Injury
Brain injuries differ widely from case to case. Almost all of them require a specialized level of care that can be very expensive. Even if you suffered what you think is a mild concussion, you could suffer serious consequences as the days and weeks go by. Speaking to an experienced brain injury attorney is often a wise idea, as you could be entitled to compensation if the brain injury is the result of another party’s negligence.